Explore California’s Backcountry Discovery Route

Backcountry Discovery Routes is a 501(c)(4) non-profit organization whose mission is to establish and preserve off-highway routes for dual-sport and adventure motorcycles. Through education, advocacy, and promotion of responsible motorcycle travel, BDR seeks to preserve backcountry motorcycling opportunities for generations to come.

BDR works with the forest service, land managers, and agencies responsible for public land, to keep trails and remote roads open for motorcycling. Through careful investment of funds and resources, BDR is able to map new routes, provide free GPS tracks and advice, create photo and video archives of the routes, and educate the motorcycle community about managed travel on public lands. Backcountry Discovery Routes’ goal is to create a new Backcountry Discovery Route each year for the Adventure Community. For each BDR route, a full-length documentary film, a Butler Motorcycle Map, and free GPS tracks are produced. BDR works with motorcycle dealers across the U.S. to organize BDR film premieres and training seminars.

CABDR Section by section.  

Sipping a frozen date shake with my boots up under the canopy of a sprawling desert palm, I look over at my dirty KTM perched idyllically next to the relic of a early 20th century cabin. For a fleeting moment, I sense a familiar anxiety—shouldn’t we be riding as hard as possible through sand and dust to conquer every last mile of the desert before the sun sets? Thank goodness, for the crew I am with, the answer is no. And my definition of adventure riding is cautiously evolving into something a little more…mellow.

For myself and the fourteen-person crew filming the inaugural Southern California Backcountry Discovery Route scouting expedition, this is day four of an eight-day adventure to scout, verify and document. A 820-mile journey from the Mexican border to the Eastern Sierra town of Bishop, connecting the best big-bike friendly off-road routes the Golden State has to offer.

If you ride an adventure bike, chances are you’ve heard of the Backcountry Discovery Routes (BDR). If you haven’t, you’re forgiven but do yourself a favor and go experience one of these stunning routes for yourself. Southern California is the eleventh project officially produced by the non-profit BDR; each has its own set of free GPX tracks (see CABDR below), while additional resources from Butler Maps, and full-length documentary following the scouting expedition team can be found on its website.

REVER has been involved with this incredible group from our inception, and I personally have had the privilege of supporting BDR efforts since their humble beginnings in 2009/10, participating in all but two of the official scouting expeditions.

Each of the previous ten routes stand out for different reasons, the common thread being remoteness and stunning natural beauty. SoCal, as it turns out is not lacking either. To showcase that uniqueness, we’ve broken this BDR into easily digestible sections with fuel, and logical lodging/camping opportunities along the way. Our large and lumbering team hauling drones and camera gear was lucky to conquer one section a day. Faster and more efficient riders can easily connect two or more sections in a day. Though if you don’t stop at China Ranch and put your boots up with a date shake, I’m telling you, you’re doing it wrong.

Section 1: Yuma, AZ – Blythe, CA

For us, the official start of the journey began in Picacho, a beautifully lush pocket of desert tucked along the banks of the Colorado River north of Yuma, Arizona. After taking the 4:10 to Yuma (kidding, I rode out from our offices in Colorado), I met the expedition crew, including a drone pilot, photographer, and professional rider turned corporate tester Quinn Cody. Picacho is a perfect launch point for accessing Eastern California’s sprawling deserts and provided an incredible backdrop to prep our team and prognosticate around the campfire about week to come.

As it turns out, to no one’s surprise, the week was full of adventure. Within ten minutes of leaving Picacho we entered several miles of a deep, loose sand wash that challenged us all. There were more bikes on their side in this section then I’ve seen on all of the other BDR expeditions I’ve attended combined. The highlight by far, was playing witness to Quinn Cody riding two-up through that mess in an effort to help one of our team members who was struggling mightily with the endless deep sand. The skill to keep two big guys on a giant ADV bike was impressive.

HEADS UP: No services from Yuma to Blythe; Deep sand possible
Highlights: Old Downtown Yuma; Prison Hill Micro Brewery; Territorial Prison State Historic Park; Ocean to Ocean (one-lane) Bridge to enter back to CA; Picacho State Park; Historic Bradshaw Trail
Camping: Picacho State Park; Wiley’s Well
Food & Grocery: Yuma; Blythe
Fuel: Yuma; Niland; Blythe
Hotel/motel: Yuma; Blythe

Section 2: Blythe to Sahara Oasis

One of the true benefits of exploring on two-wheels is the places you can go, but also the places you kind of have to go; for fuel as an example. This section checks both of those boxes. The riding between Blythe and the Sahara Oasis is typical SoCal desert, which is to say, dry, rocky, and fast in lots of places.

A few highlights include the Intaglios, ancient rock sculptures similar to the Nazca Lines in Peru. I had no clue these even existed in America. If you follow the route precisely, you’ll get to see them for yourself. They are easily missed from the ground though so if you can hop a ride on a helicopter or maybe a spaceship that’s probably best.

It seems that may have been exactly how the owners of the Sahara Oasis arrived where they did. You’ll see what I mean if you take the time to ride this route. You’ll have to stop there for food and fuel since there aren’t any other options. They know this too, which is why you’ll pay a nice premium for their fuel and shall we say “eclectic” landscaping.

HEADS UP: No Services between Blythe and Sahara Oasis; Deep Sand possible
Highlights: Intaglios; Shoe Tree; Cadiz Mine; Essex; Route 66
Camping: Limited primitive camping
Food & Grocery: Blythe; Vidal Junction (off route); Sahara Oasis
Fuel: Blythe; Vidal Junction (off route); Sahara Oasis
Hotel/motel: Blythe; Parker, AZ (off route)

Section 3: Sahara Oasis to Primm, NV

Once you leave Sahara Oasis, the desert landscape begins to change a bit. It’s still very much a desert, but dusty brown roads make way to a greener backdrop of Joshua trees in the Mojave National Preserve. There are a few worthy historical sites to stop and kick around but after spending a few hours at the Sahara Oasis fixing bikes, we didn’t have time to waste.

Assuming you do, Goffs Schoolhouse and the Death Valley Mine are worth your time. If staying on the gas is more your style—like it is mine—then you may agree that The Mojave is one of the coolest places on earth you can ride a motorcycle. The granite two-track slicing through Dr. Suess-like landscapes is off-the-charts awesome. To add a little bit of excitement to an already kick-ass day, we nearly burned down our support Jeep while cooking from the back of it. There were some big flames, and lots of sand throwing, but in the end it was just close call, thank goodness.

Highlights: Goffs Schoolhouse and Cultural Center; Mojave National Preserve; New York Mtns; Mojave Road; Govt Hole; Death Valley Mine; White Cross WWI Memorial; Joshua Trees
Camping: Primitive camping; Hole in the Wall Campground
Food & Grocery: Blythe; Vidal Junction; Sahara Oasis
Fuel: Sahara Oasis; Needles (off route); Primm NV
Hotel/motel: Primm, NV; Needles, AZ (off route)

Section 4: Primm, NV, to Furnace Creek

Primm is a busy stop along the main corridor between Las Vegas and Los Angeles, just over the Nevada side of the border. After spending days exploring the vastness of the empty desert, it’s a bit of a culture shock to wade through the clinking slot machines to snack up.

The ride north from here is full of quirky and interesting two-wheel experiences. Starting with the opportunity ride to the bottom of a pit mine, right after you weave your way through thousands of solar panels at the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System. Even better than that, is taking the time to stop at China Ranch. A truly hidden oasis tucked in a small canyon among an otherwise barren landscape. This Date Farm (not that kind of date!) is known for its shakes. Like I said, if you decide to plow on and not take the time to relax under a palm tree here, I’m telling you, you’re doing it wrong.

With so many filming opportunities, this was a short day for us, ending just a few miles outside of China Ranch at a hippy hot-springs community called Tecopa. If five star resorts are your thing, this isn’t for you. If you’re down with 1970s mobile-home accommodation and soaking in funky community hot springs plopped in the middle of the desert, then grab yourself a growler (or six) of local beer and settle in like we did.

HEADS UP: Steep Rocky Climb; Deep Sand Possible
Highlights: Ivanpah Solar Power Plant; Colosseum Gorge Mine; China Ranch; Tecopa Hot Springs; Ibex Dunes; Devils Golf Course; Death Valley NP
Camping: Primitive camping; Tecopa Hot Springs (multiple campgrounds); Furnace Creek
Food & Grocery: Primm; Tecopa (limited); Shoshone; Furnace Creek
Fuel: Primm; Shoshone; Furnace Creek
Hotel/motel: Primm, NV; Tecopa; Shoshone; Furnace Creek

Section 5: Furnace Creek to Racetrack

Death Valley has some of the most unique ADV riding you’ll find anywhere in the world. If you plan it right, by not trying to ride here in the summer, this is one of the most incredible places you could imagine. The BDR route enters the national park from the rarely visited southeast corner. Technically, this section of the park leading to Furnace Creek is part of the section four of the route but given our snails pace we spent a whole day getting from Tecopa to Furnace Creek.

Fueled up with stellar camp food and a bath in the campground sink, we spent the entire next day exploring Death Valley including the super cool Ubehebe Crater, Titus Canyon, and the famous Race Track. I feel a theme coming here, but I’ll say it again. If you don’t stop… you’re doing it wrong.

HEADS UP: No fuel past Beatty NV
Highlights: Keene Wonder Mine; Leadfield Ghost Town; Titus Canyon; Ubeheebe Crater; Teakettle Junction; Racetrack
Camping: Mesquite Springs Campground; Primitive camping near Beatty, NV; Homestake Dry Campground (Racetrack)
Food & Grocery: Furnace Creek; Beatty, NV
Fuel: Furnace Creek; Beatty, NV
Hotel/motel: Furnace Creek; Beatty, NV

Section 6: Racetrack to Lone Pine

If you like to be challenged like I do, this section has some super fun riding. Starting with Lippincott Pass, a narrow old wagon trail that offers dramatic views of the Saline Valley thanks to the exposed cliffs it switchbacks across.

As predicted, we spent lots of time riding back and forth for the camera here, you can see the footage in the official CABDR film and I think you’ll agree this is a stunning place. Lippincott is followed by wide open riding over fast and sweeping graded roads (heads up for cattle). If you need to make up some time, this is the place to do it. I know I’m preaching the slow life a lot here, but opening 150 horsepower on a smooth gravel road is a special thing. So are the relics of the Cerro Gordo Mine that we got to see after bouncing along the loose and rocky climb over Cerro Gordo Pass.

HEADS UP: Lippicott Pass can be extremely tough
Highlights: Lippicott Pass; Cerro Gordo Mine; Western Movie Museum; Historic Lone Pine
Camping: Primitive Camping; Alabama Hills
Food & Grocery: Lone Pine
Fuel:: Lone Pine
Hotel/motel: Lone Pine

Section 7: Lone Pine to Bishop

We’ve clearly made our way out of the eastern California desert and onto the eastern slope of the Sierra. The towering peaks of Mount Whitney looming in the distance are a dead give away to that. As we chomp up a few desolate miles through the floor of the Owens Valley, the scenery begins to change even more with the funky mushroom shaped rocks of the Alabama Hills. This place is best known for the hollywood westerns that were filmed here, so I’m expecting a giant gun fight to break out from a movie set at any moment. It didn’t happen, but camping on the rocks and drinking a beer as the alpine glow lit up the mountains was one of the top moments in this entire journey.

Highlights: Alabama Hills area; Movie Rd; Manzanar WW2 Japanese Relocation Camp/ Museum; Reward Mine; Mazourka Canyon (Expert Only); Owens River Valley
Camping: Primitive Camping (along expert route); Alabama Hills; Private Campgrounds in Big Pine/Bishop
Food & Grocery: Lone Pine; Big Pine; Bishop
Fuel: Lone Pine; Big Pine; Bishop
Hotel/motel: Lone Pine; Big Pine; Bishop

Section 8: Bishop to Benton

The home stretch, the official end of the journey. I’ve got my heart set on soaking in the Benton Hot-Springs at the end of the day, and I must admit, I pulled a bonehead move while riding some two track leaving Alabama Hills. I hit a hidden rock tucked next to a bush on the side of the road and instantly felt a shooting pain up my leg. Convinced I had broken or torn something, I missed a big part of this section. I did however manage to ride up and into the Reward Mine. As I mentioned, take advantage of the unique experiences you get to have if you take the time to explore on your motorcycle. Well, this is one for the record books in my opinion. A daunting open mine shaft consuming all light, that you get to ride into the heart of. This isn’t a tourist attraction, there’s no fee to pay or lifeguards to save you if you get lost in the darkness. It’s just a massive hole in the earth big enough to fit a few motorcycles.

Highlights: Fish Slough Petroglyphs; Chidago Canyon; Historic Hot Springs
Camping: Primitive Camping; Private Campgrounds Benton Hot Springs
Food & Grocery: Bishop; Benton
Fuel: Lone Pine; Bishop; Benton
Hotel/motel: Bishop; Benton Hot Springs

California BDR (All Sec): Complete Route

With eight days and over 800 miles behind me, relaxing in yet another hot spring is the perfect place to recap what I’ve seen and done. There are places on the fringe, buried among the hills and canyons and deserts that require effort to be experienced. To be cliche, they are off the beaten path, and that’s precisely what makes them special. The CABDR is full of these places and I can’t wait to uncover even more of them when we tackle the second half of the state the coming years.

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